Firstly Attacker, Hunter, and Pursuer were sent to the Aegean sea to conduct operations against Axis garrisons in the area.
Two more Attacker-class ships arrived in the area, Chaser and Striker. The light carrier hull classification symbol CVL was a similar concept to escort carriers in most respects, but they were deed for higher speeds for deployment with fleet carriers.
Escort carriers were too slow to keep up with the main forces consisting of fleet carriers, battleships, and cruisers. Pacific fleets combined. They guided the Roebuck to the supply ship, which was scuttled by her captain.
Experience had shown it was best to have two composite squadrons. In Marchone ewcort Battler's planes sighted the German supply ship Brake and three surfaced U-boats. There was some damage to her superstructure but no bombs pierced the armoured deck. Patrols would last between two and three hours, using both radar and visual observation in their search for U-boats.
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They were typically half the length and one-third the displacement of the larger fleet carriers. One squadron included fighters and the by then obsolete Fairey Swordfish equipped with air-to-surface vessel ASV radar for night patrols.
These were used to ferry replacement aircraft for the other carriers, and after the Japanese surrender were given another role: repatriating prisoners of war. They also damaged two other U-boats themselves. Their objective was to locate and destroy the U-boats and their supply ships and protect the shipping lanes between India, Aden, and South Esocrt.
The other squadron would be equipped with fighters and the Grumman Avenger for long-range day patrols, as they could not be fitted with the ASV radar. The approaching bombers comprised a mixed force of seven Focke-Wulf Fw and Heinkel He s carrying glider bombs. This was their principal advantage, as escort carriers could be eecort in greater s as a rbitish when fleet carriers were scarce. One Fw and one He were shot down by Grumman Wildcats.
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The three U-boats submerged before the start of the action. Here they supported the Fourteenth Army amphibious landings and interdicted Japanese shipping in the Bay of Bengal and the Straits of Malacca. For the britsh of the day Chaser's Fairey Swordfish kept the U-boats at bay by identifying their locations to her escorts.
The five carriers were expected to keep a fighter aircraft force of 22 Supermarine Seafires over the landing area until the ground forces had seized an Italian airfield for use by ground-based aircraft. As the war in the east progressed, the British and U. The first of six confirmed U-boats destroyed by aircraft flying off Attacker class ships was on 10 Februarywhen two Fairey Swordfish from the Naval Air Squadron on board Fencer sank U west of Iceland.
List of escort carriers of the royal navy
However, the lack of protection made escort carriers particularly vulnerable and several were sunk with great loss of life. In the invasions of mainland Europe and Pacific islands, escort carriers provided air support to ground forces during amphibious operations. Navy, which now had a surplus of these ships, so some were sold into merchant service. Escort carriers also served as backup aircraft transports for fleet carriers and ferried aircraft of all military services to points of delivery.
While they were slower, less armed, britsh and carried fewer aircraft, they were less expensive and could be built more quickly.
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The Fleet Air Arm squadrons flying off the Attacker class escort carriers did have some successes of their own. Three other U-boats sighted managed to brittish an attack in foggy conditions. The rest of the Germans kept their distance due to the combined efforts of the fighters and the ships' anti-aircraft fire.
Instead, they were used to defend convoys from enemy threats such as submarines and planes. Escorh exchange, they claimed two German aircraft destroyed and four others probably destroyed.
The Hellcats carried out attacks on the anti-aircraft defences and the Wildcats attacked the Tirpitz with machine gun fire, just prior to the Fairey Barracudas bombing run. They had expected to be relieved by 10 September, but a suitable airfield was not captured until 12 September. The convoy consisted of four merchant ships and five escorts; of these, all the merchant ships and one of the escorts were bombed and three of the merchant ships were set on fire.